Honorable Mr. Mamnoon Hussain

President Mamnoon Hussain was born on December 23, 1940 at Agra, British India. He migrated to Pakistan in 1949 with his entire family.

Mr. Mamnoon Hussain received his education in Karachi. He did his B.Com (Hons.) from Karachi University in 1963, and then joined the prestigious Institute of Business Administration (IBA), Karachi from where he completed his M.B.A. in 1965.He joined his father’s factory on completion of his education. Later, he shifted to textile business.

He has been an active political worker since 1968, when he joined the Muslim League, Karachi and was appointed its Joint Secretary. He joined the Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz), PML(N), in 1993, when Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was removed from office by the then President. He was appointed the Finance Secretary of the PML (N), Sindh. In 2001, he was appointed the General Secretary of the PML (N), Sindh, and continued in this office until 2005. After some time, he was appointed the Acting President of the PML(N) Sindh. In recognition of the meritorious service for his party, in 2005, he was appointed Senior Vice President (SVP) of the PML (N) and Member of the Central Executive Committee.

In 1997-98, he was appointed Advisor to the Chief Minister of Sindh. In 1999, he was elected as the President of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce & Industry (KCCI), the largest business chamber of the country. In June 1999, he was appointed as Governor of Sindh, but his term was cut short on October 12, 1999 when the PML (N) government was removed. He was a political prisoner when he raised his voice against the then dictatorial regime.

Mr. Mamnoon Hussain was elected the 12th President of Pakistan as the official nominee of the PML (N) in a landslide electoral victory, and took the oath of office on September 09, 2013. He has resigned from the PML (N) as he believes that the President is a symbol of the Federation, and represents the unity of the Republic, and, therefore, should be apolitical. Mr. Mamnoon Hussain is known as a man of impeccable integrity and courage against all political odds. He is extremely interested to develop the education sector in Pakistan.

Profile of Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan

The eldest of three siblings of Late Mian Muhammad Sharif, Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif was born on December 25, 1949 in Lahore. Mr Muhammad Nawaz Sharif got his early education from prestigious schools and earned his graduation from the famous Government College, Lahore. After completion of his academics, he joined the family business and also participated actively in social and charitable activities.

Muhammad Nawaz Sharif started active politics when he joined the Punjab Cabinet as Finance Minister in 1981.He also held the portfolio of Minister for Sports.

In the 1985 general elections, he was elected to both the National and Punjab Provincial Assemblies. On April 9, 1985, he was sworn-in as Chief Minister of Punjab. He also served as caretaker Chief Minister of Punjab. After winning majority in the 1988 Provincial Assembly Elections, he was re-elected as Chief Minister of Punjab.

He was elected as Prime Minister of Pakistan and held the office from November 1, 1990 to July 18, 1993 when President Ghulam Ishaq Khan (late) arbitrarily dissolved the National Assembly. The Supreme Court annulled the former President’s unconstitutional act and reinstated the National Assembly and Nawaz Sharif’s government on May 26, 1993. However, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif resigned from his office on July 18, 1993 to facilitate fresh elections in the country.

He remained leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly from October19, 1993 to 5th November 1996. He was again elected the Prime Minister of Pakistan on February 17, 1997 after his party won an overwhelming majority in the general elections. General (Retd) Pervez Musharraf staged a coup and overthrew his democratically elected popular government on Oct12, 1999.He was sentenced for life and underwent 14 months of imprisonment before being forced into exile by General (Retd) Pervez Musharraf.

During previous tenures of his government, a number of mega development projects were completed including South West Asia’s first 367km motorway, linking Lahore with Islamabad. Efforts were made to strengthen the economy with the help of private sector and projects like Ghazi Barotha, Gwadar Mini port, JF-17 Fighter Jet, international airports in Karachi and Lahore, Optic Fibre Project and opening up of Telecom sector are some of the hallmarks of his economic policies. Land was distributed among landless peasants in Sindh.

Relations with the Central Asian Muslim Republics were strengthened and ECO was given a boost. His most important contribution was success in re-invigorating the economy of the country by pursuing a policy of liberalization, privatization and deregulation despite economic sanctions. He succeeded in repealing the controversial Eighth Amendment unanimously and the adoption of anti-defection Fourteenth Amendment Bill.

In an attempt to end the Afghan civil war after the withdrawal of Soviet Forces, he succeeded in convincing Afghan factions to unite and sign “Islamabad Accord “for establishing peace in Afghanistan and the region. Mr. Nawaz Sharif gained in stature when his government conducted nuclear tests on May 28, 1998 in response to India’s nuclear blasts. This raised Pakistan’s prestige globally and its security was made impregnable. In May, 2007, he signed the Charter of Democracy (CoD) with leader of PPP Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto and other prominent political leaders in London for strengthening and sustaining democracy in the country.

Since 2008, he has played the role of a statesman by committing to uphold democratic values and traditions and work for the welfare of the people of Pakistan. His strict adherence to these ideals paved the way for completion of the constitutional term by the elected Assemblies.

Pakistan Muslim League-N President Muhammad Nawaz Sharif created history when he was elected as the 27th Prime Minister for the third time by securing 244 votes in the National Assembly.

Mr. Nawaz Sharif is a family man, devoted son and an affectionate father. He is God fearing; and his love for the people is manifest when he reaches out to the poor and the oppressed to redress their grievances in their hour of distress.

Mr. Nawaz Sharif and Begum Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif have two sons and two daughters who are all married and well settled in life.

Profile of Adviser to the PM on National Security & Foreign Affairs Mr.Sartaj Aziz

Mr. Sartaj Aziz is a development economist and obtained a degree in commerce from the Punjab University in Pakistan and subsequently a Masters’ degree in development economics from Harvard University, USA in 1963.

His career can be divided in four phases: The first phase as a civil servant lasted from 1952 to 1970 in the Ministry of Finance and in the Planning Commission, where he was Joint Secretary, Plan Coordination from 1967 to 1971, and received the award of Sitara-e-Khidmat for his contribution.

In 1971, he began his 12 year international career, when he joined FAO as Director of Commodities and Trade Division in Rome. In 1974, he served as Deputy Secretary General of the World Food Conference, held in Rome in November 1974 and was one of the architects of the global food security system which emerged from the Conference and of the proposal to establish the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). In 1977, after serving as Deputy Executive Director of the World Food Council for two years he was Assistant President, Policy and Planning at IFAD from December 1977 to April 1984.

The third phase of Mr. Aziz career started in 1984 when he returned to Pakistan to begin his political career as Minister of State for Food and Agriculture, a position he occupied for four years. He served as Finance Minster from August 1990 to June 1993 and again from February 1997 to August 1998. He was Pakistan’s Foreign Minster from August 1998 to October 1999. He was elected to the Pakistan Senate in March 1985 and remained its member till October 1999.
In 2004, he started the fourth phase of his career, when he accepted the offer to become the Vice Chancellor of the Beaconhouse National University at Lahore. BNU has made remarkable progress under his leadership in the past 9 years to become one of the leading liberal Art University of the country.

In June 2013, Mr. Aziz resumed his political career, when he joined the Cabinet as Prime Minister’s Adviser on National Security and Foreign Affairs.

Mr. Aziz has written several books and articles. His most important contribution to development literature was his book on China, “Rural Development: Learning from China”, which was published by Macmillan from London in 1978. His memoirs entitled “Between Dreams and Realities: Some Milestones in Pakistan’s history”, were published by the Oxford University Press in August 2009.

Foreign Secretary

Member of the Foreign Service of Pakistan with 33 years of bilateral and multilateral experience.

Presently serving as Foreign Secretary of Pakistan since December 2013.

Earlier served as Additional Foreign Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan looking after affairs relating to United Nations and Disarmament (August 2012-December 2013). Also served as the Spokesperson of the Foreign Ministry during 2013.

Served as Ambassador of Pakistan to the Netherlands (2009-2012). Represented Pakistan in The Hague based international organizations, including OPCW. Conducted public diplomacy in cooperation with Pakistani community to win friends for Pakistan. Authored a book “Pakistan mirrored to Dutch eyes” published by Sangemeel publications.

Served as Director General incharge of Pakistan’s relations with South Asian countries and SAARC. Has been actively associated with the peace process with India (2007-2009).

Led Pakistan side and chaired several meetings of the OIC (Organization of Islamic Conference) as Director General in-charge for OIC. Organized OIC Conference of Foreign Ministers hosted by Pakistan in Islamabad in May 2007.

Represented Pakistan in the United Nations for over six years. As Pakistan’s Deputy Permanent Representative and earlier as Counsellor, he participated in inter-governmental negotiations in the UN, NAM, G-77, and other forums on several issues of interest to Pakistan. Also chaired UN parleys on a host of important issues, in particular HRM Reform, and UN Budget (2000-2006).

Served as Political Counsellor in Pakistan Embassy in Washington, USA (1999-2000).

Served as Director (chef de cabinet) to the Foreign Secretary of Pakistan in Islamabad (1997-99).

Facilitated expansion/re-structuring of ECO (Economic Cooperation Organization) when he served as chef de cabinet to the Secretary General of ECO, based in Tehran, Iran, (1991-97)

Worked in various administration and political directorates, Foreign Ministry, Islamabad (1988-91).

Served as Third/Second Secretary Pakistan Embassy in Doha (1984-87), and as language trainee at the Embassy of Pakistan, Cairo, Egypt (1983).

Holds Master’s degree in International Relations from Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Medford, Massachusetts. Also holds Masters degree in Political Science and Bachelor of Science from Punjab University, Lahore. Has received several trainings in public sector management.

Married to Najia Aizaz Ahmad, and has three children.

Born on 27 February 1958

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